Selectivity of afferent microstimulation at the DRG using epineural and penetrating electrode arrays

Ameya Nanivadekar
Christopher Ayers
Max Novelli
Robert Gaunt
Doug Weber
Lee Fisher

This dataset contains over 50,000 instances of compound action potentials recorded in response to stimulation at the DRG via epineural and penetrating electrodes from nerve cuffs implanted on several distal branches of the sciatic and femoral nerve

Updated on November 16, 2020 (Version 3)

Corresponding Contributor:

Ameya Nanivadekar
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94,989 Files
8.55 GB
89,999 Records

Dataset Overview

We have shown previously that microstimulation of the lumbar dorsal root ganglia (L5-L7 DRG) using penetrating microelectrodes selectively recruits distal branches of the sciatic and femoral nerves in an acute preparation. However, a variety of challenges limit the clinical translatability of DRG microstimulation via penetrating electrodes. For clinical translation of a DRG somatosensory neural interface, electrodes placed on the epineural surface of the DRG may be a viable path forward. The goal of this study was to evaluate the recruitment properties of epineural electrodes and compare their performance with that of penetrating electrodes. Here, we compare the number of selectively recruited distal nerve branches and the threshold stimulus intensities between penetrating and epineural electrode arrays. Antidromically propagating action potentials were recorded from multiple distal branches of the femoral and sciatic nerves in response to epineural stimulation on 11 ganglia in four cats to quantify the selectivity of DRG stimulation. Compound action potentials (CAPs) were recorded using nerve cuff electrodes implanted around up to nine distal branches of the femoral and sciatic nerve trunks. We also tested stimulation selectivity with penetrating microelectrode arrays implanted into 10 ganglia in four cats. Stimulation evoked activity in just a single peripheral nerve through 67% of epineural electrodes (35/52) and through 79% of the penetrating microelectrodes (240/308). The recruitment threshold (median = 9.67 nC/phase) and dynamic range of epineural stimulation (median = 1.01 nC/phase) were significantly higher than penetrating stimulation (0.90 nC/phase and 0.36 nC/phase, respectively). However, the pattern of peripheral nerves recruited for each DRG were similar for stimulation through epineural and penetrating electrodes. Despite higher recruitment thresholds, epineural stimulation provides comparable selectivity and superior dynamic range to penetrating electrodes. These results suggest that it may be possible to achieve a highly selective neural interface with the DRG without penetrating the epineurium.


Stimulus triggered average (STA) electroneurogram (ENG) are organized based on the animal (E/F/G/H/I/J), as detailed in the associated paper. Each session corresponds to stimulation at a different DRG level. Each file contains STA ENG and conduction velocity (where applicable) from a single trial of stimulation at the DRG.

Alternatively, per trial data can be visualized and downloaded at:

Models and Records

The 'recruitment' model contains trial metadata, STA ENG, and conduction velocity (if applicable) for each trial. A single record corresponds to stimulation on a single DRG channel at a specific set of stimulation parameters and the corresponding ENG recorded on one cuff. Model fields are defined as follows:

  • subject: subject name
  • session: session counter
  • block: trial number
  • DRG: DRG targeted for stimulation
  • stimChan: DRG stimulation channel number
  • amplitude: stimulation amplitude
  • PW: pulse width of stimulation
  • location: nerve cuff location (ENG source)
  • is_sig: automated ENG response detected (1/0)
  • is_sig_manual: manual ENG response detection (1/0)
  • CV: conduction velocity (if location is femoral/sciatic)
  • binaryRes: binary search resolution
  • fs: sampling frequency
  • STAfile: file containing stimulus triggered average ENG data
  • STApackageID: Blackfynn ID for STA data package
  • CVfile: file containing conduction velocity data
  • CVpackageID: Blackfynn ID for conduction velocity data package
  • mdfUUID: internal RNEL database object uuid


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About this dataset

Publishing history

September 16, 2019
Originally Published
November 16, 2020 (Version 3)
Last Updated

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