Acute physiological data describing heart rate modulation during VNS at different burst patterns and frequencies. this includes raw ECG files and quantified outcomes.
Study Purpose: Purpose of this study was to assess how acute physiological effects of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). Heart rate change is a useful proxy for therapy of VNS. It is critical to understand how VNS parameter choice affects heart rate. Parametric testing can be used to inform parameter choice to increase therapeutic effects and leveraged to build computational models.
Data Collection: We performed acute in vivo experiments in anesthetized mice where we collected ECG by the vagus nerve. We designed a tested a series of constant frequency and burst patterns of stimulation. We quantified heart rate changes using ECG.
Data Conclusion: ECG is sensitive to stimulation amplitude, intra-burst frequency, and mean pulse rate.
Experimental Design: The animals were anesthetized, and a ventral midline incision was made to access the cervical space. The right cervical vagus nerve (CVN) was isolated from the carotid artery and internal jugular vein through blunt dissection. A bipolar cuff electrode was implanted on the CVN, and stimulation and recording were controlled using custom MATLAB software. ECG was recorded using a 3-lead configuration with the right forelimb as positive contact, left forelimb as the negative contact, and the left hindlimb as ground. ECG signals were amplified with a 400x gain preamplifier (C-ISO-256, iWorx) and a 10x biopotential amplifier (ETH-256, iWorx). The signals were band-pass filtered between 10 Hz and 1 kHz and sampled at 5 kHz. Pattern order for the experiment was generated using the randperm() function in MATLAB, and subject order alternated based on sex. Each trial consisted of 10 s without stimulation for baseline assessment, followed by 30 s of VNS, and another 30 s without stimulation for recovery. Random patterns of VNS and their constant frequency controls were tested at the end of the experiment.
Completeness: This dataset is part of a larger study: "Modeling Neurotransmitter Release"
Subjects & Samples: Female (n=4) and male (n=6) adult mice (RRID:IMSR_JAX:000664) were used in the study.
Primary vs derivative data: The primary data is structured with folders, first organized by subject ID and subsequently by performance subfolders. Within each perf- subfolder, unprocessed LabChart electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are stored as MATLAB files. Raw LabChart .adicht files are included in the source data folder for reference. Additionally, the derivative folder contains analyzed ECG outcomes saved as MATLAB files.
Code Availability: A custom MATLAB code for data extraction and analysis is provided in the "code" folder.
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